Strokes are the fifth leading cause of death in the US and UK. In fact, a stroke can happen to anyone, anywhere, regardless of their age or health. Knowing the symptoms is important but understanding how to care for a stroke victim after they’re released from the hospital can be a matter of life and death. To avoid making things worse, be sure you know how to provide safe and effective home stroke care.
What Happens When Someone Has a Stroke?
To offer the best assistance at home, you must first understand what the victim is going through. A stroke happens when the brain loses blood flow due to a hemorrhagic rupture or a clot. The result is usually devastating for the victim, causing serious side effects which include but are not always limited to the following:
• Generalised muscle weakness
• Paralysis of the body and/or face
• Speech difficulties
• Trouble swallowing food
• Loss of understanding
• Lack of cognitive functioning
• Severe headaches
• Blindness or vision problems
• Loss of senses
• Mood swings
If the symptoms are too severe or unmanageable, the victim may be required to stay in the hospital or become a resident of a long-term care facility.
Is Permanent Hospitalisation Necessary?
It’s possible to care for a stroke victim at home with the right knowledge and equipment. Usually, the treating hospital will educate caretakers on what they should and shouldn’t do or expect after discharge from the hospital. However, many caretakers find it highly beneficial to hire a professional.
How Home Stroke Care Works
Whether you provide care on your own or with the help of an expert, the main concern should always be on the victim. He or she is likely to get confused or worried, so try to be gentle and patient. Meanwhile, remember the following tips:
• Try to ease the victim back into his or her lifestyle gradually.
• Develop a new routine that includes plenty of exercise.
• Prepare lean, healthy foods.
• Schedule medications and set reminders so you never forget to administer them.
• Create open spaces in the home to help with assisted mobility equipment.
• Secure beds, showers, and doorways to prevent accidents.
Some Things to Remember
Although some stroke victims make a speedy recovery, no two people are the same. In some cases, stroke victims suffer for several years and other victims are scarred permanently. Do your best to remain vigilant and sensitive to their ever-changing needs.