The care of people suffering from dementia is usually provided by members of the close family: a spouse and children. Friends, relatives, as well as persons who are professionally engaged in providing care for the dementia sufferers can also be involved. It is desirable that a greater number of people are involved in these activities, as this reduces the burden of each individual and allows the patient to perform their daily routines, physical activities, hobbies and other interests and to maintain social contacts.
Patients and family members need to receive comprehensive and understandable information on what the symptoms of dementia are, according to the stages, what are the existing preventive measures, or what can be expected in the future.
The existence of dementia can impair family relationships and it is necessary to get professional help in resolving family conflicts, as well as to help each individual member of the family in terms of feelings of guilt and anger that often occur in such situations. As symptoms progress, a person becomes more dependent on the environment and, depending on the possibilities, in many cases the number of people who can help is not sufficient to provide adequate care and quality of life for the patient.
In many countries, there are institutions that provide information, various types of assistance, and organising educational programs about dementia and support groups that can improve the quality of life for family members who are under severe stress.
Be informed. The more you know about dementia, the easier it will be to find solutions to specific problems.
Solve burning problems one at a time. These may be problems with maintaining hygiene when patients refuse to clean themselves, eat, and other related issues. In such cases, you should create a list of priorities. Sometimes even the smallest steps can make the situation easier.
Relax. Stress can negatively affect both the patient and the person providing care, and will considerably reduce the efficiency of home care. There is also a danger of emotional breakdown, which can lead to irritability, aggression, and so on. It is necessary to provide yourself with regular rest periods from the obligations involved with caring for someone with dementia. A great way to do this is to invest in professional home care a few hours a day or a few days a week so that you can take some time for yourself to rest and refocus.